Along with 700 of his followers, perhaps from Kalinga (Orissa), Vijaya arrived in Lanka, and established himself as ruler with the help of Kuveni, a local demon-worshiping princess.
Ancient Ceylon's most famous British captive ( Robert Knox, Snr. with their merry band of sailors boarded the ship 'Anne' in London on January 21, 1658.They were to sail on trade missions to East Indies under the British East India Company.) Life in the Kingdom of Kandy as seen by Robert Knox ( Knox lived in the Kandyan kingdom for nearly twenty years the life of a villager.He built himself a modest house and cultivated a garden, ate the food of the country, and for a living peddled knitted caps when he was lending paddy to his fellow villagers at fifty per cent interes From the late 3rd century AD to the middle of the 12th century, Lanka was dominated by Tamil kings and invaders from southern India.From 1408 to 1438 Chinese forces occupied the island, which had been partitioned into a number of petty kingdoms.Vestiges of this ancient civilization are abundantly extant today. Rama's quest to save his abducted wife, Sita, from Ravanna, the demon god of Lanka, is, according to some scholars, a poetic account of the early southward expansion of Brahmanic civilization.The first major legendary reference to the island is found in the great Indian epic, the Ramayana, thought to have been written around 500 B. The Ramayana tells of the conquest of Lanka in 3000 B. (Great Genealogy or Dynasty), a chronicle compiled in Pali, in the sixth century.
Vijaya is the central legendary figure in the Mahavamsa.
He was the grandson of an Indian princess Suppadevi from Vanga in northern India who had been abducted by an amorous lion, Simha, and son of their incestuous and half-leonine offspring, Sinhabahu & Sinhasivali.
During the last one million years, when humans are known to have existed in various parts of India, Sri Lanka was connected to the sub-continent on numerous occasions.
The rise and fall of sea level (due to cold/warm fluctuations in the global climate) determined the periodicities of these connections, the last separation having occurred at ca. There is secure evidence of settlements in Sri Lanka by 130,000 years ago, probably by 300,000 BP and possibly by 500,000 BP or earlier.
Five centuries before Christ, Sri Lanka was a land throbbing with vitality and a well-ordered civilization.
Cities, palaces, reservoirs, parks, temples, monasteries, monuments and works of art bore testament to the character, imagination, culture, philosophy and faith of the people of Sri Lanka, the Resplendent Land.